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Two studies explored the relationship between political ideology and endorsement of a range of moral principles. Political liberals and conservatives did not differ on intrapersonal or interpersonal moralities, which require self-regulation. However differences emerged on collective moralities, which involve social regulation. Contrary to Moral Foundations Theory, both liberals and conservatives endorsed a group-focused binding morality, specifically Social Justice and Social Order respectively. Libertarians were the group without a binding morality. Although Social Justice and Social Order appear conflictual, analyses based on earlier cross-cultural work on societal tightness-looseness suggest that countries actually benefit in terms of economic success and societal well-being when these group-based moralities co-exist and serve as counterweights in social regulation.
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This research was supported by NSF Grant BCS-1053139 to Ronnie Janoff-Bulman and NSF Grant DGE-0907995 to Nate C. Carnes
Janoff-Bulman, Ronnie and Carnes, Nate C., "Social Justice and Social Order: Binding Moralities across the Political Spectrum" (2016). PLoS One. 18.