Jul 27th, 3:15 PM - 4:15 PM
An event study analysis of U.S. hospitality stock prices' reaction to Fed policy announcements
Denver, Colorado USA
This paper is an event study analysis of the reaction of daily U.S. hospitality stock prices to announcements of Federal Open Market Committee decisions concerning the federal funds target rate (FFTR). The study first identifies two components of changes in the FFTR, namely the expected and the unexpected (or surprise) components. The surprise component that is not yet priced into the market can be calculated from the change in the federal funds futures rate. According to the efficient market hypothesis that stock prices should have already reflected all information available in the market, it is hypothesized that hospitality stock prices should respond only to the surprise component. Test results support the hypothesis. Except for restaurant index, the responses of airline, gambling, hotel and travel and leisure stock indices to the surprise component of changes in the FFTR are highly significant. The corresponding responses to the actual changes in the FFTR and the expected component, in contrast, are statistically insignificant.