Publication Date


Journal or Book Title

Cogent Social Sciences


© 2016 The Author(s). This open access article is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 license.

Publication of this article was funded by the UMass Amherst Libraries SOAR Fund.

Cite this article as: Gender inequality: Nonbinary transgender people in the workplace, Skylar Davidson, Cogent Social Sciences (2016), 2: 1236511. doi: 10.1080/23311886.2016.1236511


This study uses the National Transgender Discrimination Survey to evaluate the employment outcomes of nonbinary transgender people (those who identify as a gender other than man or woman). Regression analyses indicate that being out as a nonbinary transgender person has different effects on nonbinary transgender people based on sex assigned at birth, with those assigned male at birth tending to be discriminated against in hiring but those assigned female at birth more likely to experience differential treatment once hired. Transgender women tend to have worse employment experiences than nonbinary transgender people and transgender men, the latter two tending to have similar outcomes.