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Anomy has been a popular concept in sociological literature and has been related to such diverse events as suicide (Durkheim, 1897), crime (Lander, 195*0, political behavior (Kornhauser, Sheppard, & Mayer, 1956), racial prejudice (Srole, 1956), religious orthodoxy (Keedy, 1958), heart disease (Caron, Wardell, & Bahnson, 1963), achievement of life goals (Meir & Bell, 1959), deviant behavior in general (Nettler, 1959; Merton, 1956), and rates of mental hospitalization (Gibbs, 1962). As originally conceptualized by Durkheim, anomy referred to a societal condition existing outside of individuals occupying roles in a social system, and was postulated to be a result of the instinctive soaring of human aspirations in the absence of effective social controls.