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Access Type

Open Access

Degree Program


Degree Type

Master of Arts (M.A.)

Year Degree Awarded


Month Degree Awarded



Buddhism, Women, Sex, Impurity, Japan, Literature


This thesis consists of research on women and Buddhism in light of a medieval Japanese Buddhist tales collection called Kankyo no Tomo. This collection reveals the predicament in which women in medieval Japan found themselves. As the focus of sexual desire (towards them and by them), they were also inherently polluted due to their connection with blood (kegare).

First Advisor

Stephen D Miller