Off-campus UMass Amherst users: To download campus access theses, please use the following link to log into our proxy server with your UMass Amherst user name and password.

Non-UMass Amherst users: Please talk to your librarian about requesting this thesis through interlibrary loan.

Theses that have an embargo placed on them will not be available to anyone until the embargo expires.

Document Type

Campus Access

Degree Program

Molecular & Cellular Biology

Degree Type

Master of Science (M.S.)

Year Degree Awarded

2010

Month Degree Awarded

May

Keywords

Saccharomyces cerevisiae, dynein, LIS1, site directed mutagenesis, lissencephaly, mitosis

Abstract

Pac1/LIS1, an essential tip tracking protein of the WD40 super family, is required to target cytoplasmic dynein to the plus ends of astral microtubules in budding yeast. Pac1/LIS1 protein is composed of two regions: a small coiled-coil domain and a highly conserved WD40 repeat domain. Because of in vivo data suggesting the motor domain of Dyn1 interacts with Pac1, I attempted to locate the region of Pac1/LIS1 essential for binding to Dyn1/HC by utilizing PCR-mediated site directed mutagenesis. PCR-generated site directed Pac1(S226P) mutant appears to bind Dyn1/HC, allowing it to localize to the microtubule plus ends; whereas, Pac1(H197R) and Pac1(D379H) mutants appear to disrupt motor localization. I further hypothesized that Dyn1/HC would bind to either the coiled-coil domain or the WD40 repeat domain. Using truncated Pac1 constructs, I have observed that neither the coiled-coil domain nor the WD40 repeat domain alone is sufficient to recruit Dyn1/DHC to the plus ends of the cytoplasmic microtubules. Additionally, if I dimerize the WD40 repeat domain with a GST fusion tag, I observed that Dyn1/HC colocalized with the truncation at the spindle pole bodies. This result indicates that Pac1 must dimerize with its coiled-coil domain prior to interacting with Dyn1/HC. Furthermore, the WD40 dimer, is unable to track microtubule plus-ends; indicating that the very N-terminus of Pac1 is important for other interactions responsible for recruiting the Pac1/Dyn1 complex to the astral microtubule plus end.

First Advisor

Wei-Lih Lee

Share

COinS