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Access Type

Open Access

Document Type


Degree Program


Degree Type

Master of Architecture (M.Arch.)

Year Degree Awarded


Month Degree Awarded



BREEAM, LEED, Sustainability, Education, K-12, Schools


Part I of the study examines the differences between two environmental assessment methods for the K‐12 education sector: the United States Green Building Council’s (USGBC) LEED Schools Version 3.0 and the British Research Establishment’s (BRE) BREEAM Education issue 2.0. Credit requirements are compared side‐by‐side and against recommendations from researchers in areas such as acoustics, lighting and indoor environment quality. Strengths in the two schemes and areas for improvement are highlighted, with acknowledgement that each scheme offers components and techniques from which the other could benefit. Part II of the study introduces the Howard C. Reiche Community School in Portland, Maine. Designed as an open‐plan school in the 1970’s this configuration is currently seen as a barrier to teaching and learning in the school which is slated for renovation by the Portland Public School District. Part III of the study looks towards precedents in education which have followed either the LEED or BREEAM assessment methods and Part IV of the study provides a design proposal for the Howard C. Reiche Community School’s renovation.


First Advisor

Stephen Schreiber

Second Advisor

Kathleen R. Lugosch