University of Massachusetts Press Books


Sara Lennox



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Download Cover, Title Page, Dedication, Contents, Preface, Abbreviations, Introduction (396 KB)

Download Part 1, Chapter 1: Bachmann in History (An Overview) (150 KB)

Download Part 1, Chapter 2: Bachmann's Feminist Reception (318 KB)

Download Part 2, Chapter 3: 1981 (280 KB)

Download Part 2, Chapter 4: 1983 (273 KB)

Download Part 2, Chapter 5: 1984 (301 KB)

Download Part 2, Chapter 6: 1985 (222 KB)

Download Part 2, Chapter 7: 1987 (227 KB)

Download Part 3, Chapter 8: Bachmann and Theories of Gender/Sexuality (Femininity in "The Good God of Manhattan") (252 KB)

Download Part 3, Chapter 9: Bachmann and Postcolonial Theory (White Ladies and Dark Continents) (236 KB)

Download Part 3, Chapter 10: Bachmann and Materialist Feminism (Gender and the Cold War) (351 KB)

Download Works Cited, Index, Author Biography (1.1 MB)


Although Austrian writer Ingeborg Bachmann (1926–1973) is widely regarded as one of the most important twentieth-century authors writing in German, her novels and stories have sometimes been viewed narrowly as portraits of women as victims. In this innovative study, Sara Lennox provides a much broader perspective on Bachmann’s work, at the same time undertaking an experiment in feminist methodology.Lennox examines Bachmann’s poetry and prose in historical context, arguing that the varied feminist interpretations of her writings are the result of shifts in theoretical emphases over a period of more than three decades. Lennox then places her own essays on Bachmann in similar perspective, showing how each piece reflects the historical moment in which it was written. Making use of recent interdisciplinary approaches—Foucauldian theories of sexuality, post-colonial theory, materialist feminism—she explores the extent to which each of her earlier readings was shaped by the methods employed, the questions asked, and the political issues that seemed most germane at the time. Out of this analysis comes a new understanding of the significance of Bachmann’s work and new insight into the theory and practice of feminist criticism.


ISBN 1-55849-552-5 (paper) ISBN 1-55849-551-7 (cloth)

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University of Massachusetts Press




Bachmann Ingeborg 1926–1973—Criticism and interpretation, Feminist criticism, Feminism and literature


Feminist, Gender, and Sexuality Studies

Cemetery of the Murdered Daughters: Feminism, History, and Ingeborg Bachmann