Based on the cooperative virulence index (c.f.), the interaction effect between shortterm heat pretreatment and avermectin on 2nd instar larvae of diamondback moth (DBM), Plutella xylostella (Linnaeus), was assessed. The results suggested that the interaction results between short-term heat pretreatment and avermectin on the tested insects varied with temperature level as well as its duration and avermectin concentration. Interaction between heat pretreatment at 30°C and avermectin mainly resulted in addition. Meanwhile, pretreatment at 35°C for 2 or 4 h could antagonize the toxicity of avermectin at lower concentrations, which indicated a hormetic effect occurred. The results indicate that cooperative virulence index (c.f.) may be adopted in hormetic effect assessment.
Gu, Xiaojun; Tian, Sufen; Wang, Dehui; and Gao, Fei
"INTERACTION BETWEEN SHORT-TERM HEAT PRETREATMENT AND AVERMECTIN ON 2ND INSTAR LARVAE OF DIAMONDBACK MOTH, PLUTELLA XYLOSTELLA (LINN),"
Dose-Response: An International Journal:
3, Article 8.
Available at: http://scholarworks.umass.edu/dose_response/vol7/iss3/8