Restoration of natural resources is the ultimate goal of natural resource damage assessment (NRDA). According to the U.S. Department of Interior regulations for NRDA (43 CFR Part 11), Trustees of natural resources develop alternatives that will “restore, rehabilitate, replace, and/or acquire the equivalent of the injured resources.” Identification, scaling, and evaluation of groundwater restoration projects has proven challenging. This paper describes potential categories of groundwater restoration projects, including: 1) Generating clean water, 2) Conserving water, 3) Storing water for times of scarcity, and 4) Accessing new sources of water that were previously inaccessible or unusable. Examples of specific types of projects within these broad categories are provided, together with discussion of the particular challenges associated with scaling and evaluating these projects.
Lane, Diana; Carney, Karen; and Chapman, David
"Identifying, Scaling, and Evaluating Groundwater Restoration Projects as Compensation for Groundwater Injuries,"
International Journal of Soil, Sediment and Water: Vol. 2
, Article 3.
Available at: http://scholarworks.umass.edu/intljssw/vol2/iss1/3