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Document Type

Open Access

Degree Program

Civil Engineering

Degree Type

Master of Science (M.S.)

Year Degree Awarded

January 2008

Month Degree Awarded

February

Keywords

Debonding, Concrete, FRP Anchor, FRP Sheet, Shear Strengthening, Laminate

Abstract

Within the past few decades a new technology has emerged using Fiber Reinforced Polymers (FRP) to rehabilitate and retrofit reinforced concrete (RC) structures. In FRP shear strengthening applications it is largely recognized that debonding is the prevailing failure mode. FRP debonding typically occurs prematurely as a brittle failure mode that limits the efficiency of the strengthening technique. No systematic tests have been conducted to investigate the capacity gained by anchoring FRP laminates to RC elements in shear applications. The objective of this research program was to study the effects of anchoring FRP laminates to RC members with FRP anchors thereby delaying or potentially eliminating debonding of FRP sheets from the concrete surface. FRP anchors used in this research were made from fibers used as part of FRP sheets that get bundled into a roll with a fanned upper end of the anchor allowing the fibers to be splayed over the FRP sheet. A single shear pull test experiment was developed to study the effects of anchoring FRP laminates using FRP anchors with varying anchor diameters, lengths, and patterning. The results of the experimental portion of this research project were used in combination with finite element analyses to develop models for anchored FRP sheets that can be used in design of shear strengthening applications.

First Advisor

Sergio F Breña

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