Designing Sustainable Landscapes: Index of Ecological Integrity


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Environmental Sciences | Sustainability


The index of ecological integrity (IEI) is a measure of relative intactness (i.e., freedom from adverse human modifications and disturbance) and resiliency to environmental change (i.e., capacity to recover from or adapt to changing environmental conditions driven by human land use and climate change). It is a composite index derived from up to 21 different landscape metrics, each measuring a different aspect of intactness (e.g., road traffic intensity, percent impervious) and/or resiliency (e.g., ecological similarity, connectedness) and applied to each 30 m cell (see technical document on integrity, McGarigal et al 2017). The index is scaled 0-1 by ecological system and geographic area, such that it varies from sites with relatively low integrity (representing highly developed and/or fragmented areas) to relatively high integrity (representing large, undisturbed natural areas) within each ecosystem type and geographic area (e.g., Northeast, state, ecoregion, watershed). Consequently, boreal forests are compared to boreal forests and emergent marshes are compared to emergent marshes, and so on for each ecosystem type within the specified geographic extent. It doesn't make sense to compare the integrity of an average boreal forest cell to that of an average emergent marsh cell, because the latter have been substantially more impacted by human activities than the former. Scaling by ecological system means that all the cells within an ecological system are ranked against each other in order to determine the cells with the greatest relative integrity for each ecological system within the specified geographic extent.


Designing Sustainable Landscapes: Index of Ecological Integrity