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A comparison of boys and girls diagnosed with oppositional defiant disorder in a public school counseling program
In this study sixty-three treatment charts of boys and girls diagnosed with oppositional defiant disorder are reviewed. These children were treated in an urban, school-based counseling program during the 1997–1998 school year. Specifics of treatment approach, treatment outcome, and the environmental context of the referrals were examined. Contextual risk factors, referral reasons and treatment outcomes for boys and girls were compared. Girls were found to have higher incidences of child abuse or domestic violence in their families, and were referred for treatment due to conflict with parents more often than boys were. Boys were found to have a higher incidence of out-of-home placements or a recent change in housing status. Frequency of other risk factors was similar for both boys and girls, including incidence of parental divorce and single-parent family structure, incidence of having a parent in jail and incidence of family substance abuse. A relational approach to treatment was found to be successful for both boys and girls. Implications of the study and suggestions for further study are discussed.
Educational psychology|Developmental psychology|Families & family life|Personal relationships|Sociology
Marsh, Sara R, "A comparison of boys and girls diagnosed with oppositional defiant disorder in a public school counseling program" (2005). Doctoral Dissertations Available from Proquest. AAI3163684.