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Author ORCID Identifier



Open Access Dissertation

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Degree Program

Hispanic Literatures & Linguistics

Year Degree Awarded


Month Degree Awarded


First Advisor

Francisco Cota Fagundes

Second Advisor

José N. Ornelas

Third Advisor

Margara Russotto

Fourth Advisor

Joye Bowman

Subject Categories

Portuguese Literature


Based on the idea of itinerancy as a vital element of human existence, this doctoral dissertation examines and reevaluates the corpus of poems integrating Jorge de Sena’s and Cecília Meireles' “travel poetry,” proposing poetic itineraries bearing their own itineraries. Chapter 1 presents some considerations about the concept of travel in literature, as well as theoretical concepts related to the idea of travel, some of them discussed theoretically by the two poets. Reflecting on the privileged relationship that human movement inscribes in space creating new meanings, Chapter 2 presents the Senian and Meirelian physical spaces connected with their “travel poems,” taking into account the definition presented by Fazenda Lourenço, along with his listing of Senian “travel poems”. Of note in the “travel poems” is the apprehension of the historical crosscultural images, which constitute a constant presence in the “travel poems” of the authors under consideration. Taking into account the importance of the presence of the city in literature and what this new phenomenon implies, Chapter 3 begins with some considerations derived from the presence of the city and the ways in which the displacement of humans in the urban space gave rise to new forms of expression, such as the “walk-poem.” Based on the work proposed by Francisco Cota Fagundes regarding this concept in the representation of the city of Porto in the poetry of Jorge de Sena, it turns out that Meireles’ poetry also reveals the presence of the “walk-poem.” This chapter also highlights the enchanting contrasts between the Senian and Meirelian “walk-poems,” with the poem “U.S.A. – 1940” by the Brazilian poet constituting the exception in her entire corpus. Finally, the last chapter establishes the itineraries from the “travel poem” to the “walk-poem,” embodying as well the “poetry of places,” a concept proposed by Fátima Freitas Morna. This concept redefines the “travel poem” presented herein, and proposes new perspectives of analysis for poems that can be classified as “walk-poems.” In this chapter the idea of endless travel that language itself establishes through the History and Culture of Humanity is also acknowledged in relation to a body of poems that could not be considered “travel poetry.