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Document Type

Open Access Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Degree Program

Electrical and Computer Engineering

Year Degree Awarded

2016

Month Degree Awarded

May

First Advisor

Paul R. Siqueira

Subject Categories

Electromagnetics and Photonics | Signal Processing

Abstract

Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) has proved successful and efficient in measuring the vertical structure of the distributed targets such as vegetation and snow, which are dominated by volume scattering. In particular, the InSAR correlation measurement has been utilized to retrieve the target vertical structural information. One existing and well-known electromagnetic scattering model of the InSAR correlation was first brought forward focusing on the single-pass InSAR observation of a sparse random medium like vegetation. However, the lack of the adaption of this InSAR scattering model for repeat-pass InSAR observation of vegetation as well as for single-pass InSAR observation of snow by considering its dense medium characteristics, essentially constrain fully exploiting InSAR's capability of measuring sparse and dense medium characteristics.

In this work, the well-known InSAR scattering model will be adapted to accommodate the two scenarios: 1) repeat-pass InSAR observation of vegetation and 2) single-pass InSAR observation of snow and considering its dense medium characteristics. Theoretical model derivations as well as parameter retrieval approaches are demonstrated for both of the applications, respectively. Both of the simulated and ground validation results are also presented. The InSAR scattering models along with the parameter retrieval analysis described in this work will expand InSAR's capability as well as the range of vegetation and snow characteristics that can be retrieved by single-pass and/or repeat-pass InSAR systems.

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