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The traffic and waterways infrastructure of the Netherlands dates mostly from the middle part of the 20th century. At this time the primary focus was, as in many countries, on facilitating transport. As a consequence, many historical agricultural landscapes were subject to fragmentation, which also reduced their ecological value. During the last 20 years, more attention has been given to the mitigation of the negative effects caused by linear infrastructure. Regulation has helped stimulate this, although regulations for landscape development were, and still are, less strict than those affecting nature.

This overview covers 20 years of landscape planning in relation to infrastructure and shows the development in design, planning and crossdisciplinary interaction and how this affects landscape and nature alongside infrastructure.



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