Workshop Format// Formats des Ateliers

Paper in a panel / paper dans un panneau

DOI

https://doi.org/10.7275/nct9-0536

Organizer/Presenter/author Information // Informations sur l'organisateur / le présentateur / auteurs

Xavier Forde, Heritage New ZealandFollow

Biographical Information // Informations biographiques

Xavier Forde works for Heritage New Zealand Pouhere Taonga, the national agency for place-based cultural heritage in Aotearoa New Zealand, managing the recognition of sacred and ancestral places of significance to Māori. He is of the tribes of Raukawa and Ngāti Toa, but acquired a taste for radical politics growing up in France and Algeria, before finding a way back to his birthplace and obtaining a doctorate in political philosophy. Xavier is on the Board of ICOMOS NZ and co-chairs its Māori Heritage Committee, and is looking for opportunities to collaborate with indigenous peoples around better heritage practice.

Keywords

Cultural landscapes, rural heritage, indigenous community, local cultivation, agriculture, oral history tradition

Abstract // Résumé

The provision of food and other natural resource for subsistence is celebrated in the histories of Māori tribes, in episodes relating to the ancestors who brought crops from Hawaiki in their migration to Aotearoa New Zealand, or who demonstrated prowess in the cultivation or gathering of resource. The oral histories of these ancestors and their feats of provision are still evidenced in aetiological stories, place names, and expansive archaeological fields, and artefacts that shape cultural landscapes, map out the natural resource around the country, and continue to act as a repository of indigenous knowledge today.

Bibliographic References // Références Bibliographiques

Brown, Jessica and Kothari, Ashish. 2011. Traditional agricultural landscapes and Community-Conserved Areas: An overview. In: Journal of Management of Environmental Quality. Emerald Press. Bingley, United Kingdom.

Forde, Xavier. 2018. Kāpiti island: a sacred landscape.In Ishizawa, Maya, Inaba, Nobuko and Yoshida, Masahito, eds. (2018). “Proceedings of the Second Capacity Building Workshop on Nature-Culture Linkages in Heritage Conservation in Asia and the Pacific 2017, September 15-26, 2017, Tsukuba, Japan. Sacred Landscapes”, Journal of World Heritage Studies, University of Tsukuba, Special Issue 2018.

Lee, Kuang-Chung, and Shao-Yu Yan. 2019. Participatory planning and monitoring of protected landscapes: a case-study of an indigenous rice paddy cultural landscape in Taiwan. In Paddy and Water Environment, the journal of the International Society of Paddy and Water Engineering.

Ortsin, G. 2015. Ecological and socio-cultural resilience in managing traditional sacred landscapes in the coastal savannah ecosystem of Ghana. In, In: Taylor, K., St Clair, A., and Mitchell, N. Cultural Landscapes: Preservation Challenges in the 21stCentury. Routledge Press.

Ishizawa, Maya, Inaba, Nobuko and Yoshida, Masahito, eds. (2017). “Proceedings of the First Capacity Building Workshop on Nature-Culture Linkages in Heritage Conservation in Asia and the Pacific 2016, September 18-30, 2016, Tsukuba, Japan. Agricultural Landscapes, Journal of World Heritage Studies, University of Tsukuba, Special Issue 2017.

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Panel 3 Paper 3.3: Māori ancestral landscapes and the celebration of prowess in cultivation and resource gathering: digesting natural heritage as an expression of culture

The provision of food and other natural resource for subsistence is celebrated in the histories of Māori tribes, in episodes relating to the ancestors who brought crops from Hawaiki in their migration to Aotearoa New Zealand, or who demonstrated prowess in the cultivation or gathering of resource. The oral histories of these ancestors and their feats of provision are still evidenced in aetiological stories, place names, and expansive archaeological fields, and artefacts that shape cultural landscapes, map out the natural resource around the country, and continue to act as a repository of indigenous knowledge today.

 

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