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Open Access Thesis
Master of Science (M.S.)
Year Degree Awarded
Month Degree Awarded
The rapid expansion of hydraulic fracturing(fracking) over the past two decades has led to an increasing interest in the relationship between natural resource booms and crime. Since the onset of the fracking boom, numerous anecdotal accounts and an increasing body of empirical studies have suggested that fracking has a significant, positive impact on crime. However, the mechanisms behind this relationship are poorly understood. This study uses a high-resolution dataset and a unique, fixed-effects approach to decompose the effect that fracking has on crime into increases due to the introduction of new wells and increases due to the presence of existing wells. The findings suggest that new wells have a different impact on crime than existing wells. Specifically, new wells result in greater increases in violent crimes. These results may indicate that the relationship between fracking and crime is largely driven by the influx of non-local, transient, fracking labor.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Batista-Lin, Webster, "What Drives the Fracking Boom Crime Relationship? A Fixed-Effects Analysis of Crime during the Pennsylvania Fracking Boom" (2022). Masters Theses. 1150.