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Authors

Lei ZhengFollow

ORCID

Document Type

Campus-Only Access for Five (5) Years

Degree Program

Chemical Engineering

Degree Type

Master of Science (M.S.)

Year Degree Awarded

2019

Month Degree Awarded

May

Abstract

The expected outcome of this project is to develop a general strategy to functionalize dispersions, by noncovalent adsorption of HMW surfactants, ultimately for applications such as hydrophobic coatings with high hiding power and hardness, improved mechanical properties via pigment-latex interactions, improved substrate adhesion or improved freeze-thaw stability. So far, we have produced poly (methyl methacrylate-co-butyl acrylate) latexes in the presence of HMW surfactants via emulsion polymerization and demonstrated stronger adsorption of HMW surfactants on particle surface than sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). In addition, we have developed surfactant-free latexes, poly (methyl methacrylate-co-butyl acrylate-co-methacrylic acid), as models for post functionalization with high molecular weight surfactants. The successful transfer of surfactants onto particle surface from liquid crystals was indicated by the increase in zeta potential and confirmed via chemical shifts variation in 1H NMR spectra. Additionally, the HMW surfactants were used for dispersing hydrophobic inorganic particles, such as hydrophobic carbon black, in aqueous phase, providing an indication of the general applicability and versatility of our approach.

First Advisor

John Klier

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