Journal or Book Title
Physics Review Letters
We provide a semiquantitative tool, derived from first-principles simulations, for answering the question of whether certain types of defects in solid 4He support mass superflow. Although ideal crystals of 4He are not supersolid, the gap for vacancy creation closes when applying a moderate stress. While a homogeneous system becomes unstable at this point, the stressed core of crystalline defects (dislocations and grain boundaries) can turn superfluid.
Pollet, L; Boninsegni, M; Kuklov, A; Prokof'ev, Nikolai; Svistunov, Boris; and Troyer, M, "Local Stress and Superfluid Properties of Solid 4He" (2008). Physics Review Letters. 1178.
Retrieved from https://scholarworks.umass.edu/physics_faculty_pubs/1178