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Document Type

Open Access

Degree Program

Electrical & Computer Engineering

Degree Type

Master of Science in Electrical and Computer Engineering (M.S.E.C.E.)

Year Degree Awarded

2013

Month Degree Awarded

February

Keywords

GPGPU, FPGA, hardware acceleration, CUDA compatible, scalable, flexible

Abstract

Due to their suitability for highly parallel and pipelined computation, field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) and general-purpose graphics processing units (GPGPUs) have emerged as top contenders for hardware acceleration of high-performance computing applications. FPGAs are highly specialized devices that can be customized to a specific application, whereas GPGPUs are made of a fixed array of multiprocessors with a rigid architectural model. To alleviate this rigidity as well as to combine some other benefits of the two platforms, it is desirable to explore the implementation of a flexible GPGPU (soft GPGPU) using the reconfigurable fabric found in an FPGA. This thesis describes an aggressive effort to test and validate a prototype GPGPU design targeted to a Virtex-6 FPGA. Individual design stages are tested and integrated together using manually-generated RTL testbenches and logic simulation tools. The soft GPGPU design is validated by benchmarking the platform against five standard CUDA benchmarks. The platform is fully CUDA-compatible and supports direct execution of CUDA compiled binaries. Platform scalability is validated by varying the number of processing cores as well as multiprocessors, and evaluating their effects on area and performance. Experimental results show as average speedup of 25x for a 32 core soft GPGPU configuration over a fully optimized MicroBlaze soft microprocessor, accentuating benefits of the thread-based execution model of GPUs and their ability to perform complex control flow operations in hardware. The testing and validation of the designed soft GPGPU system serves as a prerequisite for rapid design exploration of the platform in the future.

First Advisor

Russell G Tessier

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