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Access Type

Open Access

Document Type


Degree Program

Electrical & Computer Engineering

Degree Type

Master of Science in Electrical and Computer Engineering (M.S.E.C.E.)

Year Degree Awarded


Month Degree Awarded



Microstrip antennas, Global Positioning System, Small Antenna Theory, High Permittivity Dielectric, Cavity Backing, Slot Loading


The desire to incorporate multiple frequency bands of operation into personal communication devices has led to much research on reducing the size of antennas while maintaining adequate performance. GPS is one such application, where dual frequency operation, bandwidth and circular polarization pose major challenges when using traditional miniaturization techniques. Various loading methods have been studied to reduce the resonant frequency of the antenna – high permittivity dielectric loading, slot loading and cavity loading – while examining their effects on bandwidth and gain. The objective of this thesis is to provide guidelines on what is achievable using these miniaturization methods and insight into how to implement them effectively.


First Advisor

Daniel H Schaubert