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Year Degree Awarded
Alienation and such related concepts as anomie, self estrangement and inauthenticity have become targets of increasing interest during the past few years. Rooted in the early concerns of Marx and Durkheim about the effects of industrialization and the breakdown of traditional society on individuals, the notion of alienation has been applied to such divergent populations as juvenile delinquents (Short, 1964), alcoholics (Snyder, 1964), Blacks (Bullough, 1967), and students (Messer, 1969). Most commonly alienation has '*» been conceived of as the result of a disruption in the relationship between an individual and a cultural or social^ system.