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Document Type

Open Access

Degree Program

Electrical & Computer Engineering

Degree Type

Master of Science in Electrical and Computer Engineering (M.S.E.C.E.)

Year Degree Awarded

2012

Month Degree Awarded

September

Keywords

Electronic Structure, FEAST, Muffin-tin, Density Functional Theory

Abstract

This thesis describes an accurate and scalable computational method designed to perform nanoelectronic structure calculations. Built around the FEAST framework, this method directly addresses the nonlinear eigenvalue problem. The new approach allows us to bypass traditional approximation techniques typically used for first-principle calculations. As a result, this method is able to take advantage of standard muffin-tin type domain decomposition techniques without being hindered by their perceived limitations. In addition to increased accuracy, this method also has the potential to take advantage of parallel processing for increased scalability.

The Introduction presents the motivation behind the proposed method and gives an overview of what will be presented for this thesis. Chapter 1 explains how electronic structure calculations are currently performed, including an overview of Density Functional Theory and the advantages and disadvantages of various numerical techniques. Chapter 2 describes, in detail, the method proposed for this thesis, including mathematical justification, a matrix-level example, and a description of implementing the FEAST algorithm. Chapter 3 presents and discusses results from numerical experiments for Hydrogen and various Hydrogen molecules, Methane, Ethane, and Benzene. Chapter 4 concludes with a summary of the presented work and its impact in the field.

First Advisor

Eric Polizzi

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