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Author ORCID Identifier
Open Access Dissertation
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Plant, Soil & Insect Sciences
Year Degree Awarded
Month Degree Awarded
Life Sciences | Marine Biology
A scientific basis for understanding the health of salt marsh vegetation, primarily Spartina alterniflora, in apposition to dredging of the tidal inlet to Ellisville Marsh in Plymouth, Massachusetts was determined. A three-hectare S. alterniflora loss, and coincident coastal bank erosion occurred; ostensibly due to inlet blockage from sand deposition, prolonged inundation, and meandering of inlet channel into coastal bank. This warranted dredging the tidal inlet, whereby tidal flushing would restore growth or discontinue die-off, and deter coastal bank erosion. A pre- and post dredge study was conducted assessing environmental factors related to plant productivity. Following dredging, an increase in tidal range (0.2 m, pS. alterniflora increased from pre-dredge conditions in both landscape and plot level assessments (pS. alterniflora and Spartina patens coverage decreased (pS. alterniflora stem density, above and below ground biomass decreased (pS. alterniflora height increased linearly with hydroperiod (p2= 0.12). Root alcohol dehydrogenase activity and redox were inversely correlated, and mean redox shifted from -100 mv to +100 mv (pHaliaspis spartinae, an insect pest, was found to be associated with hydroperiod. The Marsh Equilibrium Model (MEM v. 5.4) demonstrated vertical resilience, whereas the Unvegetated to Vegetated Index (UVVI) approach did not show horizontal resilience. Hydroperiod substitution for depth in the MEM yielded lower biomass estimates and less vertical resilience. A significant (p
Russell, Ellen K., "FACTORS INFLUENCING SPARTINA ALTERNIFLORA PRODUCTIVITY IN RELATIONSHIP TO ESTUARY INLET OPENING ELLISVILLE MARSH, PLYMOUTH, MA" (2019). Doctoral Dissertations. 1759.