Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Access Control

Open Access

Embargo Period

4-28-2021

Degree Program

Doctor of Nursing Practice

Degree Track

Adult Gerontological Primary Care Nurse Practitioner (AGPCNP)

Year Degree Awarded

2021

Month Degree Awarded

May

Keywords

advance directive, advance care planning, primary care, intervention

Advisor

Dr. Jeungok Choi

DNP Project Chair

Dr. Jeungok Choi, RN, PhD, MPH

DNP Project Outside Member Name

Dr. Cecilia Vicuna-Keady, FNP, ARNP

Abstract

Background: Advance care planning (ACP) is a process to support patients in understanding and expressing their future medical wishes. Despite evidence supporting the benefits of ACP there remain a number of barriers limiting uptake of this important practice. Absence of advance care planning places patients at risk of receiving care misaligned with their values, goals, and preferences as well as increased patient and family distress at end-of-life. Purpose: This quality improvement (QI) project addressed provider knowledge, and patient awareness and level of engagement in the advance care planning process in an effort to increase the frequency and efficacy of ACP within a primary care setting. Methods: Under the framework of the Transtheoretical Model this QI project implemented three synergistic interventions. A staff education session included a PowerPoint presentation and introduction of the PREPARE website, an interactive ACP decision tool. The practice intervention included adults 30 and older scheduled for annual physical or Medicare wellness visits within a New England family practice. Emailed invitations advised patients ACP would be discussed at their upcoming appointments. During the visits ACP was explained and patients were introduced to the PREPARE tool. Measurable outcomes included percentage of staff participation in educational intervention, number of encounters with ACP billing codes, and mean score of the 9-item Advanced Care Planning Engagement Survey (ACPES). Number of ACP billing codes were measured three months pre/post intervention. Pre/post intervention mean ACPES scores were analyzed with a paired t test. Results:50 patient participants took part, 20 completed the post intervention ACPES. No change in frequency of ACP billing codes was noted. There was statistical significance that interventions increased patient ACPES scores (paired t(19)=2.09, p=.02, with pre intervention mean score of 3.66 (SD=0.94), followed by post intervention mean score of 4.08 (SD=0.68). Conclusion: A multilevel approach to address ACP barriers has been found to improve patient engagement in ACP. Future interventions should continue to build upon methods of staff and patient education as well as seek to improve systems level barriers.

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Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.

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